Sunday, 19 July 2015

Heavy school bags leads back pain, deformities and lung problems


புத்தக சுமையால் நோயாளிகளாக மாறும் குழந்தைகள் : கண்டுகொள்ளாத அரசு

பதிவு செய்த நாள்: 19 ஜூலை 2015  09:31

புதுடில்லி: இன்றைய மாணவர்கள் நாளைய தலைவர்கள் என கூறுவார்கள். ஆனால், அந்த மாணவர்களுக்கு பெரும் சுமையாக இருக்கும் புத்தக சுமை பற்றி யாரும் பெரிதாக கண்டுகொள்வதில்லை. அதிகப்படியான புத்தக சுமையின் காரணமாக 10 வயதிற்குட்பட்ட 60 சதவீதம் குழந்தைகள் பல விதமான எலும்பு நோய்களால் பாதிக்கப்படுவதாக கூறும் அறிக்கை அனைவரையும் அதிர்ச்சி அடைய வைத்துள்ளது.

மகாராஷ்டிர அரசால் நியமிக்கப்பட்ட கமிட்டி மும்பை ஐகோர்ட்டில் கடந்த வாரம் தனது ஆய்வு தொடர்பான அறிக்கையை தாக்கல் செய்துள்ளது. அதில், 10 வயதிற்குட்பட்ட 60 சதவீதம் குழந்தைகள் அதிகப்படியாக புத்தக சுமையின் காரணமாக பலவித எலும்பு நோய்களுக்க ஆளாகி வருவதாக தெரிவிக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது. சமீபத்தில் இந்தியன் ஜொர்னல் வெளியிட்டுள்ள அறிக்கையிலும், மாணவர்களின் புத்தக பையின் எடை, அவர்களின் உடல் எடையை விட 15 சதவீதம் அதிகமாக இருப்பதால் 30 சதவீதம் பள்ளி குழந்தைகள் முதுகுவலியால் பாதிக்கப்பட்டிருப்பதாக தெரிவித்துள்ளது. புத்த அதிகப்படியாக சுமை குழந்தைகளின் தோல்பட்டை, கழுத்து, தண்டுவடம் உள்ளிட்ட பகுதிகளை பாதிப்பதுடன், அவர்களின் தோற்றத்தையே மாற்றி விடுவதாகவும் கூறப்பட்டுள்ளது.

அடுத்தடுத்து வெளியாகி வரும் இந்த அதிர்ச்சி அறிக்கைகளால், இது தொடர்பான விழிப்புணர்வை ஏற்படுத்தும் முயற்சியில் குழந்தைகள் உரிமைகள் தொடர்பான அரசு சாரா அமைப்பான உதய் பவுண்டேஷன் இறங்கி உள்ளது. இந்த அமைப்பு சுமார் 3000 நெட்டிசன்களின் உதவியுடன் ஒரு நாளைக்கு ஒரு பள்ளி என்ற வீதம் சென்று, பள்ளி ஆசிரியர்களிடம் புத்தக பையின் சுமை பற்றியும், அதனால் ஏற்படும் பாதிப்பு குறித்தும் விழிப்புணர்வை ஏற்படுத்தி வருகிறது. மத்திய மனிதவள மேம்பாட்டுத்துறை அமைச்சகத்திடமும், நாடு முழுவதும் உள்ள பள்ளிகளில் புத்தக சுமைகளை குறைக்கும் திட்டத்தை அமல்படுத்த வேண்டும் என கோரிக்கை மனு அளிக்கவும் முடிவு செய்துள்ளது.

பள்ளி மாணவர்களின் புத்தக சுமையை குறைக்க வேண்டும் என இன்று நேற்றல்ல, 1993ம் ஆண்டு முதலே அவ்வப்போது அறிக்கை தாக்கல் செய்யப்பட்டு, அரசுக்கு வேண்டுகோளும் விடப்பட்டு வருகிறது. 2012ம் ஆண்டு புத்தக பை தொடர்பாக தொடரப்பட்ட பொதுநல வழக்கை விசாரித்த டில்லி ஐகோர்ட், மாணவர்கள் புத்தக சுமையால் பாதிக்கப்படக் கூடாது எனவும், புத்தக பையின் எடை மாணவர்களின் உடல் எடையை விட 10 சதவீதத்தகிற்கும் குறைவாகவே இருக்க வேண்டும் எனவும் தெரிவித்தது. இதற்காக சி.பி.எஸ்.இ., அளித்த வழிகாட்டு நெறிமுறைகள் இன்னும் காகித வடிவிலேயே உள்ளன.

சமூக ஆர்வலர்கள் பலரும் தொடர்ந்து வலியுறுத்தி வந்தாலும், அதனை பரிசீலிக்க கூட அரசு இதுவரை முன்வராதது அனைவரையும் வேதனைக்கு உள்ளாக்கி உள்ளது. மாணவர்களின் நலனை கருத்தில் கொண்டும், மருத்துவ ரீதியிலான பாதிப்புக்களை கவனத்தில் வைத்தும் மாணவர்களின் புத்தக சுமையை குறைக்கும் வழிமுறைகளை நடைமுறைப்படுத்த மத்திய அரசு இனியாவது முன்வருமா...?


Also read the related stories

CBSE Guidelines on School Bags | Judicious School Bag Weight | Educational Tablets in the Future

September 25, 2013

The worrying sight of school children carrying heavy school bags is receding. The CBSE board released the following guidelines to be followed with respect to school bags carried in CBSE affiliated schools in 2008. CBSE guidelines on school bags are as follows:

1) Limited number of textbooks for primary school students: Primary school students should be prescribed only a limited number of textbooks as set by NCERT.

2) No school bags and home-work for classes 1 and 2: Students in classes 1 and 2 in CBSE-affiliated schools are not to carry any school bags.  They can leave all their textbooks and notebooks in the school itself.

3) Alternative to home-work for classes 3 to 5: Home-work to be written in notebooks and based on textbooks for numerous subjects can lead to students carrying heavy school bags.  In order to reduce the school bag load, CBSE has guided affiliated schools to evolve alternatives to traditional home-work for classes 3 to 5.

4) Judicious time-table to avoid overloading of bags: The time-table needs to be planned in such a way that students do not carry too many textbooks and notebooks on a particular day in the higher classes.  Also, written home-work and all other forms of home-work and revision exercises should be planned in consultation with other subject teachers.  This will ensure that students are not carrying heavy school bags and getting only judicious amounts of home-work on a particular day.

Load-shedding of school bags in Kendriya Vidyalaya Schools

The 981 Kendriya Vidyalaya Schools in the country have a load-shedding policy in place for school bags.  The load-shedding policy has set limits to the weight of school bags.  The limit on weight of school bags in KV schools is 2 kg for classes 1 and 2, 3 kg for classes 3 and 4, 4 kg for classes 5 to 8 and 6 kg for classes 9 to 12.

Educational Tablets to Replace School Bags in the Future

Educational tablets which contain textbooks, “note books,” assignment exercises, student-parent-teacher interface and interactive educational animations will slowly replace school bags in the future.  These light-weight tablets can be easily carried and accessed anywhere.  The interactive educational animations in the tablets will help in students deepening their understanding of concepts. In addition to that, textbooks and notes can be stored in the tablet itself.  Assignment exercises can be recorded and viewed in tablet form.  Thus, tablets are all set to replace the school bags in the future.  The “heavy school bag” syndrome will be cured once and for all with the help of educational tablet solutions.


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CBSE Formulates Guidelines to Reduce School Bag Loads

Sreeraman on  May 07, 2008 at 11:52 AM Education News

Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has given following guidelines to schools affiliated to it with regard to reduction of school bag loads:

1) Not to over prescribe textbooks for primary classes and to keep the number of textbooks limited so as not to exceed the number prescribed by National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT). 

2) No school bag for children of Classes I & II and to allow students to leave their school bags in school itself. 

3) No homework to the children of Classes I & II and to evolve a concept of alternative to homework for the students of Classes III to V. 

4) To plan a judicious time table to avoid unnecessary loading of school bags. 

The problem of heavy school bag was brought out in the report 'Learning without Burden' in 1993. National Curriculum Framework (NCF), 2005 has several recommendations on reduction of physical, psychological and transactional load on school children. Based on NCF, 2005, new syllabi and textbooks have been prepared by NCERT and have been adopted in schools affiliated to CBSE. Several States have also revised their syllabi and textbooks based on NCF, 2005. 

This information was given by the Minister of State for Human Resource Development, Shri M.A.A. Fatmi in reply to a question in Rajya Sabha today.



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School bags weighing city students down 

Deepti Khera, Hindustan Times, Mumbai | Updated: Jan 28, 2012 01:47 IST

Apart from regular classes and tests in schools, there is something else weighing down Class 2 student Priyanka Verma — her 6 kg school bag

The Chembur resident attends a school in Ghatkopar and has been complaining of a backache of late. "This could be due to her heavy school bag," said Priyanka's mother, Jyoti who plans to take her daughter to a doctor.

Earlier this week, a heavy school bag led to a 12-year-old child in Delhi falling to his death. According to the Delhi police, the Class 6 student was leaning against the railing in his school and lost his balance owing to the weight of his school bag. The boy was found dead in his school.

Ideally, a school bag should weigh 10% of the weight of the child. But no body is enforcing that. "My nine-year-old daughter, who studies in Class 3, takes a 6 kg bag," said a parent who did not wish to be named.

In 2008, the Maharashtra State Human Rights Commission (MSHRC) had asked the state government to conduct a survey on whether students were burdened with heavy school bags. This was two years after RG Sindhakar, a retired high court judge, filed a case with the MSHRC arguing that forcing students to carry heavy school bags was a violation of human rights.

Two year ago, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) had issued a directive that students up to Class 2 should not have bags. But most students cannot do without a school bag.

"My son's school does not provide a locker. He has to carry his heavy textbooks," said Shilpi Pandey, a resident of Bandra.

In 2010, Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS), which runs more than a 1,000 schools across India, prescribed weight limits on its students' school bags. Schoolbags for Class 1 and Class 2 should not weigh more than 2 kg. For Class 3 and 4, the bag should weigh less than 3 kg, those studying in Class 5 to Class 8 should not carry school bags weighing more than 4 kg and Class 9 and 10 should have bags that weigh less than 5 kg.

"We conduct random checks in our school to weigh school bags. Students are told to keep their notebooks in school so that bags do not weigh that much," said George Cherian, principal of Kendriya Vidyalaya, Powai.


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School bags to be weighed and tagged to stop children suffering from backache

By HARISH V NAIR

PUBLISHED: 22:50 GMT, 18 July 2015 | UPDATED: 22:50 GMT, 18 July 2015

Overweight school bags are ringing alarm bells in Delhi

With reports emerging that 60 per cent of schoolchildren below 10 years age suffer from orthopaedic ailments due overweight school bags, concerned activists are all set to raise awareness about the issue again. 

Last week a report was submitted to the Bombay High Court by a Maharashtra government-appointed committee. 

NGO Uday Foundation has been repeatedly appealing to HRD ministry to frame a policy for reducing the weight of school bags

The shocking revelation has once again brought to fore the need to reduce the burden of school bags. 

Well-known child rights NGO Uday Foundation — which in collaboration with the Fortis Hospital two years ago began an online campaign 'Save My Back' that received support from 3,000 netizens within a week — has now decided to take their fight to each Delhi school. 

"We will station ourselves in front of one school a day, and weigh bags of children and fix tags on each of them for teachers to see and also to create awareness," said Rahul Verma, founder of the NGO. 

The NGO has been repeatedly appealing to HRD ministry to frame a policy for reducing the weight of the bags which is to be made applicable to all schools in the country. 

A large number of school kids carrying heavy bags are falling victims to temporary as well as permanent medical conditions, such as backaches, spondylitis, neck pain, deformed skeletons and lung problems, experts say. 

According to a recent report published in the Indian Journal of Pediatrics, about 30 per cent of school children complain of back pain. 

If a child's school bag weighs more than 15 per cent of the body weight, the journal notes, it changes the angle of shoulder, neck, trunk and lower limb, and affects overall posture. 

Another study conducted by the Indian Medical Association revealed that heavy bags can result in permanent disability as growth of the skeletal system among children occurs during puberty. 

It also says that the children carrying bags weighing more than 10 per cent of their body weight have been found to have poorer lung function. 

In a shocking incident in February 2013, a Class 6 student of a school in East Delhi's Mayur Vihar area fell to his death after losing balance while leaning over a railing due to the weight of his near-13 kg bag. 

Celina Mathew, a parent, said: "As an adult I suffer from shoulder pain often when carrying just a handbag of maybe 1-2 kilos. 

"It is so hard for a kid to carry the heavy bag to school and climb several floors to reach the classroom." 

Delhi High Court had in January 2012 asked schools to take steps to ensure that the bags do not exceed 10 per cent of a child's body weight. 

The court had also said kids shall not be burdened with homework till Class 1. 

The Ashok Ganguly Committee constituted by the court suggested that there should be no books in the bag in pre-school classes, and that children should only carry a lunch box and play materials.

IMMEDIATE TRIGGER

* A Maharashtra government report to Bombay HC on July 4 said children are carrying school bags which are 20-30 per cent heavier than their weight, due to which around 60 per cent students suffer

Backaches, spondylitis, deformity in spine and lung problems are common ailments 

"Soon children will have to carry trolleybags as backpacks won't be sufficient", said the judges 

Court suggested that e-classroom, audiovisual technology and other technological means should be put to optimum use for teaching in schools 

THE SOLUTION

The concept of carrying bags is only seen in India. Most countries provide children with lockers in schools so that they need not carry books to school every day 

Teachers should follow a strict time table. Students need to be informed well in advance about the books that need to be carried the next day 

In countries like the U.S., Australia and Germany, students are provided with e-books and I-pads 

Homeworks should be sent and received online by schools whenever it is possible 

GUIDANCE 

A panel headed by the well-known educator and scientist had in 1993 asked NCERT to rework school syllabus to reduce the load of books 

The CBSE in 2004 framed guidelines to reduce the load but it remained on paper 

The panel said school bags for classes 1 and 2 should not weigh more than 2 kg 

For classes 3 and 4, the bag's weight should be less than 3 kg, and those studying in classes 5 to 8 shouldn't carry bags that are more than 4 kg 

The upper limit for senior classes from 9 to 12 has been set at 6 kg. But so far none of the guidelines have been implemented by schools

CBSE guidelines remain on paper 

By MAIL TODAY BUREAU 

While the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) has made it clear in its affiliation by-laws that no school will allow school bags and homework for students up to Class II, children can still be seen lining up at bus stops with bags half their size.

According to these CBSE rules, affiliated schools will not prescribe textbooks other than those prescribed by the NCERT. But the implementation of these guidelines remains poor with just a handful of schools taking them seriously. 

The issue of heavy school bags, however, is not something new. The Yashpal Committee, in its report in 1993, had come out with suggestions to lessen the load of school bags. 

It spoke about the need for concise books that use graphics instead of verbose texts to explain concepts, the need to split books in to two halves for two terms and to eliminate the need of textbooks in primary classes altogether. In 2014, the department of education (DoE), Delhi government, issued guidelines for principals and parents. 

The recommendations, which range from teaching children "correct lifting and carrying techniques" to buying "child-friendly bags", have been drafted by a committee formed by the DoE especially for this purpose. 

"Besides devising proper timetables for students to "ensure equitable distribution of weight of school bags", the DoE has asked schools to "discourage children from bringing reference books" and to "plan a staggered homework schedule".


Also read the related stories 

Back pain, deformities and lung problems: Doctors reveal the shocking price pupils pay for heavy school bags

By HARISH V NAIR

PUBLISHED: 23:10 GMT, 20 October 2013 | UPDATED: 23:10 GMT, 20 October 2013

None of the guidelines have been implemented by schools
     
Oversized school bags are taking their toll on the nation's future. A large number of school kids carrying heavy bags are falling victims to temporary as well as permanent medical conditions, such as back pain, deformed skeletons and lung problems, experts say.

According to a recent report published in the Indian Journal of Pediatrics, about 30 per cent of school children complain of back pain. If a child's school bag weighs more than 15 per cent of their body weight, the journal notes, it changes the angle of shoulder, neck, trunk and lower limb and affects overall posture. 

Another study conducted by the Indian Medical Association says that heavy bags can result in permanent disability as growth of the skeletal system among children occurs during puberty. It also says that the children carrying bags weighing more than 10 per cent of their body weight have been found to have poorer lung function. 

Storing up trouble: Carrying heavy school bags can result in chronic disabilities, new studies have warned

In a shocking incident last year, a Class 6 student of a school in East Delhi's Mayur Vihar area fell to his death after losing balance while leaning over a railing due to the weight of his near-13 kg bag. 

Online petition

Dr. Rahul Nagpal of Fortis Hospital, Vasant Kunj, told Mail Today: "The issue needs urgent attention… situation is distressing. At times school bags more than 10 per cent of the body weight of a student, as is happening in most cases now, cause permanent change in the posture of a child." 

"Gaining knowledge should be a joy, not pain," says Rahul Verma, founder of NGO Uday Foundation which three weeks ago began an online campaign, 'Save my back'. The campaign aims at ensuring that bags carried by students are not heavy enough to cause back problems.

School bags weighing more than 10 per cent of a child's own weight can cause permanent changes in posture

"Today, children carry bags as much as 30-40 per cent of their body weight. What will we achieve when a child gains good knowledge but has back pain and other health problems for life?" says Verma.

Nearly 700 people including parents, teachers and doctors have signed the online petition so far. The NGO is appealing to the Ministry of Human Resource Development to frame a policy for reducing the weight of the bags which is to be made applicable to all schools in the country.

If the HRD ministry does not act, Verma plans to file a public interest litigation in court. 

Anasuya Boligarla, a parent and one of the signatories in the campaign, wrote: "As a doctor and mother I know the serious consequences of carrying heavy loads on the backs of the children that will lead to premature aging of the spine and injuries. A single mother cannot educate the schools hence joining you for saving the kids spine." 

Says Celina, another parent: "As an adult I suffer from shoulder pain often when carrying just a handbag of maybe 1-2 kilos. It is so hard for a little kid to carry their heavy bags to school and climb several floors to reach their classroom." 

Social activist and lawyer Ashok Agarwal, on whose petition the Delhi High Court banned home works till Class 1 and directed all schools to ensure students carry baggage less than 10 per cent of their body weight, says the court recommendations had not been followed. 

"It's a major issue. Students are suffering. Significant court orders and recommendations have not been followed on this issue," he rued. 

The high court had in January 2012 asked schools to take steps to ensure that the weight of school bags does not exceed 10 per cent of a child's body weight. The court had also said kids shall not be burdened with homework till Class 1. 

The Ashok Ganguly committee constituted by the court suggested that there should be no books in the bag in pre-school classes, and that children should only carry a tiffin box and play materials. 

A panel headed by Prof. Yash Pal had in 1993 asked NCERT to rework school syllabus to reduce the load of books. The CBSE in 2004 framed guidelines to reduce the load. It said school bags for classes 1 and 2 should not weigh more than 2 kg. For classes 3 and 4, the bag's weight should be less than 3 kg, and those studying in classes 5 to 8 shouldn't carry bags that are more than 4 kg. The upper limit for senior classes from 9 to 12 has been set at 6 kg. 

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This Blog Spot is meant for publishing reports about the usage of RTE Act (The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009) so as to create an awareness to the general public and also to keep it as a ready reckoner by them. So the readers may extend their gratitude towards the Author as we quoted at the bottom of each Post under the title "Courtesy".Furthermore, the Blog Authors are no way responsible for the correctness of the materials published herein and the readers may verify the concerned valuable sources.

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